Government

PartOne: Amending the Constitution

Commonmethod

Themost commonly used method of amending the constitution is where theCongress proposes, and the state legislatures do the ratification.This method has been used in amending the constitution all the othertimes. The method has been used 26 times, out of the 27 times ofconstitution amendment. The amendment is proposed by the 2/3 votes inboth houses and ¾ of the state legislatures ratifies it.

Conventionof States

Theconvention of states proposes the amendment and ¾ of the stateconventions ratifies it. The convention of states method has neverbeen used before and as such, no one is sure on how it can function.2/3 of the states can call for a national convention to amend theconstitution through their legislatures.

The21stamendment

Theamendment is proposed by the national convention when the 2/3 of thestates calls for it. The amendment is then ratified by three-quartersof the state legislature. The method has also never been used.

27thAmendment

Themethod requires that the Congress proposes the amendment when 2/3 ofthe states calls for it. The ¾ of the state convention then do theratification of the amendment. This method has only been used once.

Parttwo: Electing the president in the US

Stepone- the primaries and caucuses

Theprimaries usually happen in the secret ballot. They are either openor closed. The open primary is where one can vote for a candidatefrom any other political party. The closed one is when one can onlyvote for a candidate in the same political party. Caucuses usuallyoffer an opportunity to convince undecided voters to support them.When the caucus ends, the organizers of Democrats and the Republicanscount the voters in every category and determine the number ofdelegates every candidate has won.

Steptwo- National Convention

Thisis the stage for political parties to hold a national convention tochoose the nominees for the president and the vice president. At thisstage, the winning candidates are nominated. In July 2016, theDemocratic National Convention will hold its 47thconvention in Philadelphia whereas the Republican will hold its 41stconvention at Cleveland.

Stepthree- general election

Thecandidates take part in general election campaigns and debatescountrywide explaining their views and asking for support fromvoters.

Stepfour- Electoral College

Here,every elector cast a single electoral vote that follows the generalelection. A candidate requires votes from more than 270 electors towin.

Oncea candidate meets the requirements, he or she declares the candidacy.He or she then registers with the FEC (Federal Election Commission),once they receive donations or expenditures that exceed $5,000.

Partthree: Making Laws

Thebill is first sponsored by the representative and then taken to acommittee for consideration. The committee can release the bill,which is placed on the calendar to be debated, amended, or voted on.The simple majority then passes the bill, which moves to the Senate.Another committee takes the bill, and when released, it can be votedon or debated. Another simple majority passes the bill again. Thesenate and the house committee then solve any differences on the billand then approve it. The Printing Office then does theenrolling by printing out the bill. The president can veto or signthe bill in 10 days. If he refuses to sign, the legislature canattempt to overrule it, where the House and the Senate must vote tooverride the veto by the majority of 2/3. The bill then becomes lawwhere it will be implemented by the executive branch.

Partfour: The Elastic Clause

Theoriginal US constitution was called the living document. Although thedocument was written 229 years ago, the constitution still fits inthe 21stcentury because the document was designed to grow as the countrygrows. Those who wrote it understood that the document would need toinclude what will be in store for the future of the country as wellas for the future of the constitution. Article (V) in theconstitution says “whenever the 2/3 of both Houses shall find itessential, the Congress shall propose the amendments to theconstitution…” (Amar p. 65). More so, the states were offered theopportunity to propose the amendments or the changes. As such, ¾ ofthe states are supposed to back up the amendment for it to be madelaw. On this regard, the Constitution has been amended twenty-seventimes. The country may require more amendments in the days to come.Although these amendments were not known to the individuals who wrotethe document in 1787, there was room left for them. Such amendmentsmay consider the advancements in technology because technology mayalter the manner in which people communicate. Suppose people begin tolive in space, they may require new laws that would regulate the lifeon space.

WorksCited

&quotAmericanEpic: Reading The US Constitution.&quot ChoiceReviews Online51.12 (2014): 51-7015-51-7015. Web.

Amar,Akhil Reed. America`sConstitution.New York: Random House, 2005. Print.

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