Quiz Essay Questions Subjective Well Being, SWB

QuizEssay Questions: Subjective Well Being, SWB

QuizEssay Questions: Subjective Well Being, SWB

Subjectivewell-being (SWB) refers to a measure of the life balance, which isachieved by identifying normative values on the global indicators ofsuccess in life. This measurement transcends individual differences(Matuska &amp Christiansen, 2009). This paper will discuss thedisadvantages and advantages of SWB as well as its relateddiscrepancies in the measurement of life balance. The paper will alsoexplain how life balance of the elderly population could be measuredand how the outcome could be used to design the OT program.

Advantagesand disadvantages of SWB

Thekey advantage of the SWB is that it focuses on life balance of anindividual person without making any judgment the way people ought tobehave in order to attain life balance. In other works, SWBappreciates the fact that each person special values and needs thatare different from those of other people (Matuska &amp Christiansen,2009). A major disadvantage of SWB is that it only concerns itselfwith life-balance of individual persons without addressing how theseindividuals contribute to the entire society.

TheSWB is measured using the discrepancy between what people alreadyhave and what they would like to have. The discrepancy can bemeasured using computed method, both simple and complex. Oneadvantage of the simple computed method is that the two measures ofdiscrepancy are assessed separately (Matuska &amp Christiansen,2009). A complex computed method, on the other hand, allows thetesting of small average scores of discrepancy that represent one’sbalanced life. However, the computed method (complex) is a difficultapproach that may require some special skills.

TheSWB may also be measured using the intrapsychic method (simple). Anadvantage associated with this method of measuring discrepancy isthat it is simple since the discrepancy is only judged in a singledimension of life. An intrapsychic (complex) may also be used, but itis associated with a lot of uncertainties in measuring thediscrepancy because it requires people to forecast their level oflife balance for a given period of time (Matuska &amp Christiansen,2009).

OTclient population: Elderly population

Occupationaltherapy extends the years of independence for older adults andenhances their well-being at the same time (Walker, 2014). However,it is critically important to measure the level of discrepancy (thebalance between what they have and what they would like to achieve)since older adults may overwork themselves to avoid being a burden toother people. SWB will be measured in this population by using theintrapsychic method (complex). To achieve this measurement, eachparticipant will be asked to consider their life as a whole andmeasure it against what they expected in the last given number ofyears and what they expect in the next given number of years. Theobjective of this measurement is to assess how their expectationshave been met and how they intend to meet their expectations in aforeseeable period.

Theoutcomes of this SWB measurement will be used to design theoccupational therapy program for older adults. The results of thelast given number of years will indicate how they have a balancedlife and work, while the outcomes of the next period will provide ahint on how they are likely to perform in terms of balancing life andwork. This will make it easy to tailor the OT program to ensure thatthe older elderly members of the society continue working, butmaintain their well-being.


SWBis a useful tool that is used to measure the life balance ofindividuals. This measure of life balance is based on the level ofdiscrepancy between what an individual wishes to have and what theyalready have at the time of taking the measurements. Although themeasure of SWB acknowledges the fact that different people havevarying needs and values, it fails to take account of an individual’scontribution to the society.


Matuska,K. &amp Christiansen, C. (2009). Lifebalance: Multidisciplinary theory and research.Thorofare, NJ: SLACK Incorporation.

Walker,D. (2014). Approaches to occupational therapy for the elderly.CrisworldHome Care.Retrieved January 30, 2016, fromhttp://www.griswoldhomecare.com/blog/approaches-occupational-therapy-for-elderly/

Close Menu